Medical Issues features four cutting-edge presentations on key medical issues relating to athletes. In the first, the video explores deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in athletes, detailing the basic factors affecting athletes in both conditions. The video also reviews the commonly accepted steps for managing type 1 diabetes in athletes. In addition, the video presents the findings of a large-scale echocardiographic analysis of a relatively large contingent of professional basketball players in the NBA. Finally, the video discusses the non-pharmacological treatment of the female athlete triad. In that regard, the video points out the key elements influencing the decision to utilize either hormone replacement therapy or contraceptive management in female athletes.